I början av sommaren presenterade Helong Wang på Chalmers, Mekanik och maritima vetenskaper, sin lic-avhandling “Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences”. Inom sjöfarten är optimerade ruttsystem en av de mest effektiva åtgärderna som kan bidra till hållbarhet i sjöfartssektorn, skriver Helong Wang.
Nedan följer lic-avhandlingens abstract på engelska. Hela avhandlingen kan läsas via följande länk: https://research.chalmers.se/publication/503070
”A voyage optimization system can provide an optimized ship route for an expected time of arrival (ETA) with well-planned waypoints and sailing speeds for a specific voyage, minimizing fuel consumption and structural damage due to vibrations. The optimization procedure accounts for reliable meteorological and oceanographic (MetOcean) forecasts and exploits accurate ship’s performance models, which can describe the ship’s speed-power relationship, motion and structural response, etc. in terms of various MetOcean and operational conditions.
Various optimization algorithms are available to provide route planning services in the shipping market. However, these algorithms often contain large uncertainties, leading to a large scatter of the recommended optimal route solutions. Furthermore, these algorithms focus on simple voyage optimization problems, e.g., maintaining a fixed ship speed during the entire voyage, and their results may be impractical for actual ship operation. Moreover, most of the algorithms focus on single-objective optimization. Therefore, the main goals of this thesis are to 1) study the uncertainties and sensitivities of various conventional routing optimization algorithms, 2) analyse the benefits of these algorithms for ship safety and fuel consumption, and 3) propose a more sophisticated voyage optimization algorithm to provide a globally optimal ship route plan to guide actual ship operation.
In this study, five conventional voyage optimization algorithms, categorized as either dynamic grid based methods or static grid based methods, are benchmarked to identify their advantages and disadvantages and their relationships. The benefits of using various optimization algorithms to reduce crack propagation in ship structures are investigated. It is concluded that crack propagation can be reduced more than 60% by applying a voyage optimization algorithm. Finally, a hybrid of Dijkstra’s algorithm and a genetic optimization algorithm is proposed to search for globally optimum solutions for routes in a 3D graph. It was found that the hybrid algorithm can solve multiobjective route optimizations, helping ships avoid multiple severe sea conditions. The algorithm can additionally provide optimum route suggestions, allowing for both voluntary ship speed and power variation along a route. It is concluded that the algorithm can design optimum ship routes with the lowest fuel costs while ensuring an accurate expected time of arrival.”